How's the baby's skin supposed to be?
Newborn's skin should be pink and silky. In reality, this is not always the case, as the skin of the youngest is first of all very delicate, thin and therefore often the victim of attacks that can dry it up and even redden it.
Skin too thin
The baby's skin is very fragile and thin (it is estimated that its thickness is one fifth of that of an adult) and reaches full maturity only around 3 years of life of the child. During the first few years, however, despite the fact that the newborn has few defences at its disposal, it still comes into contact with the same substance that affects an adult. It is therefore normal that its response, mainly in the case of contact with allergens and other harmful elements, is more accentuated and evident.
Skin easily prone to dryness and redness
Since the skin of the child is very thin, it is subject to both dryness and redness. In the first case we talk about dryness because the skin lets out a lot of water from the deep layers; in the second case, however, being the skin with poor consistency of the hydrolipidic barrier (water and fat to be understood) favors the absorption of substances from outside, such as pollutants, allergens and other harmful elements that can trigger redness and irritation to the child.
The role of diaper and...
The diaper often irritates the baby's ass. It can cause severe irritation, especially in skin folds due to the sweat emitted by the newborn baby. But that's not all. There are also other cases where the irritation is due to atopic dermatitis, an allergic skin disorder that manifests itself with redness in various parts of the body.
Parts most at risk
The parts most at risk of redness and dryness are undoubtedly the sexual organs, as they are subject to greater stress (because they are in constant contact with faeces, pee and diaper) and the areas of the nose and mouth (because of saliva, dummy and dirty or dripping nose).
How to prevent irritation in the genital areas?
To prevent diaper irritation, it is necessary to limit contact with faeces and pee as much as possible, often changing the baby. When using wipes, it is essential to ensure that the skin is dry before putting on a clean diaper, in order to avoid a damp environment and therefore redness. Small devices that help the transpiration of the skin of the newborn.
The importance of bathing
The bath must be taken every day, but must not exceed 10 minutes. Especially, children with atopic skin should not remain immersed for more than 10 minutes, as the water would only damage their delicate and super thin skin. The water temperature should always be around 37° C. Once the bath is done, it is important to use products with an emollient action, such as almond oil, which has beneficial properties on the child: it strengthens the barrier of skin protection, thus avoiding dehydration.
Dry skin in winter
It is very important to use protective creams so that the skin does not dry out.
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